In the Brahmpuran, it is said that in the dark fortnight (Krishna Paksha) of Ashvin month , Yama frees all souls so that they can visit their children to accept the food they offer at the shraddh ceremony.
Those who do not offer food to their forefathers during this period attract wrath and many have to suffer if cursed by them. Coming generations may suffer on account of this lapse. It is also customary to perform shraddh on the death anniversary of the deceased. The ceremony aims at feeding Brahmins until they are content.
In the Garudapuran it is said:
“When shraddh is performed to their satisfaction, the deceased bless successors with age, a son, fame, salvation, heaven, glory, stability, strength, prosperity, cattle, happiness, money, growth and eternal blessings”.
How to do Pitar Sharadh :- On each day of the dark fortnight (Pitra Paksha), special offerings are made to the ancestors whose lunar date (Tithi) of death corresponds to that particular day.
– We must offer Gangajal water (Tarpan) everyday to our departed persons with the chanting of all Vedic Tarpan mantra by Hindu Priest.
– Favourite food items of the departed person are specially prepared and offered after performing a Sharadh Poojan.
– One must offer food to Brahmin and donate Yatha Shakti. A small portion of the food is also offered to the Cow (Gow Grass) before offering it to Brahmin..
– A small portion of the food is also offered to the crow who is considered as a connection between the world of the living and the world of the dead.
– Round balls of rice and flour, called pinda daan , are also offered, along with the sacred kusha grass and flowers, amidst sprinkling of water and chanting of Sharadh & Tarpan Mantras.